Modelling and Performance Analysis of Hydrocyclones: The Case of Buzwagi Gold Mine


  • Alphonce Wikedzi University of Dar es Salaam, School of Mines and Geosciences, Department of Mining and Mineral Processing Engineering, P.O. Box 35131, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • Thomas Mütze Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology (HIF), Chemnitzer Straße 40, 09599 Freiberg, Germany



Grinding circuit, Hydrocyclone performance, Partition curve, Hydrocyclone Modelling


The performance of hydrocyclones at Buzwagi Gold Mine (BGM) was investigated in three full scale survey campaigns. Thereafter, several empirical and theoretical hydrocyclone models were used for prediction of hydrocyclone performance. The survey data revealed poor performance of the grinding circuit caused by a circulating load higher than the design. Further, the poor performance of the grinding circuit had consequences on hydrocyclones overflow particle size (i.e. a much coarser product, xP,80 > 200 µm) than target (125 µm). In addition, the operation indicates overloading of the hydrocyclones due to feed rates being 10–18% above the design capacity. Apart from their deficiencies, BGM hydrocyclones can be categorized as very good or excellent separators in terms of separation efficiency based on partition curves, T(x). The modelling of BGM hydrocyclones revealed that Nageswararao’s model can well describe and predict the operation and is recommended for future simulation and optimization of the operation. Based on the survey data, there are opportunities to improve current operation through adjustment of operating conditions like dilution of hydrocyclone feed for improved classification efficiency.

Keywords:    Grinding circuit; Hydrocyclone performance; Partition curve; Hydrocyclone Modelling




How to Cite

Wikedzi, A. ., & Mütze, T. . (2022). Modelling and Performance Analysis of Hydrocyclones: The Case of Buzwagi Gold Mine. Tanzania Journal of Science, 48(2), 513–527.